Indigenous knowledge plays a significant role in environmental protection, especially in the grasslands of the Qing-Tibetan Plateau of China, where humans have been living and herding livestock for thousands of years. The Maqu region, at the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau of China, is primarily used for pastoral activities. The Maqu grasslands serve a special function in protecting the ecological function of this region at the headwaters of the Yellow River. However, 90% of natural grasslands in Maqu County are degraded to various degrees, due to human, socioeconomic, climate, and threats from overpopulation of some species. Among above factors, the negative influence from loss of the indigenous knowledge as well as unreasonable policies imposed on the region by the national and regional government, have a significant effect on grasslands. Enhancing preservation and implementation of the indigenous knowledge of herdsmen can be a feasible bottom-up solution for grasslands degradation in Tibetan area. The specific methods include: 1) encourage community members be the main drivers of nature conservation, and empower them to manage the grasslands with the policy, financial and technological support that they need. 2) conduct long-term participatory capacity building for the community. The indigenous knowledge related to nature and management is the main focus of capacity building; trainings, storytelling, role-playing , folk music, group discussions, and field trips are all possible methods. 3) encourage community based organizations to assure the implementation of indigenous knowledge and sustainable management of rangeland that can be enduring. Community based natural resources management committees and herders cooperative organizations are some examples of organizations that can be tapped to help restore ecological balance and promote alternative livelihood development. In summary, although a growing number of new scientific technologies are being used for environmental protection, the indigenous knowledge is still the key to a bottom-up solution for grasslands degradation and environmental stability.